|Prof. A.S. Kolaskar
Former Vice-Chancellor,University of Pune,
Pune 411 007.
Phone: +91 20 25690195, 25692039 (O)
Fax: +91 20 2569 0087
Prof. Kolaskar (FNA), who was Vice-Chancellor, University of Pune is a Professor in Molecular Biophysics & Computational Chemistry and also holds the post of Director, Bioinformatics Centre, University of Pune has contributed significantly in the area of Theoretical Molecular Biophysics (Protein folding), Molecular Immunology and is pioneer in the field of Bioinformatics. His work in the area of Bioinformatics has put India on the world map in this new and upcoming area, which he has initiated in 1985. He has developed high standard and an accurate world-class database of Animal Viruses (AVIS) with first web-based application in the world to identify the viruses on-line (1, 2, 3). He is one of the few in the world who have developed algorithms on parallel computer for analyzing biological data and to carry out multiple alignments. Recently, a very useful web-based computational tool for comparing genomes (4, 5) and gene orders has been developed by him, which is available on-line.
He has also significantly contributed in quality control issues related to biological databases. (6). In Molecular immunology, he has used molecular modeling techniques to identify conformationally similar epitopes and experimentally confirmed the reactivity and binding of the antibodies to these predicted epitopes by using an example of Rheumatoid factor and variable region of heavy chain of human monoclonal antibody (IgM) developed against Wegener Granulomytosis (WGH1) (7, 8). He has analyzed 3-D crystal structure data of proteins and developed a matrix that can be used to identify conformationally similar regions through primary structure alignment approach. This is a significant and highly useful contribution in data mining area of proteins (9). In addition to this, Dr. Kolaskar has designed new approach to develop peptide vaccine against Japanese Encephalitis (JE) Virus (10). Three-dimensional structure of one of the largest protein, the envelop Glycoprotein of JE Virus has been predicated and a new method is developed to identify conformational epitope on such proteins. These theoretical prediction were conformed through experimentsin the laboratory at NIV. The peptides, which have the ability to neutralize JE virus have been identified by using data mining and modeling approaches, which were also confirmed through experiments. His contributions in the structures of large DNA and proteins using molecular dynamics as well as genetic algorithm approach has proved to be very useful in understanding the mechanism of biological reactions (11,12). His earlier work,on "Non-planarity of the peptides" with late Prof G N Ramachandran has become classic and has been referred even today (in recent Nature Structure Biology) is highly fundamental and very important in theory of conformation of proteins and peptides.
Thus, in short, Dr. Kolaskar has always been in forefront of new vistas. He is the pioneer in the area of Bioinformatics in India and has been responsible for several Bioinformatics activities in the world including those in Singapore, Taiwan and USA. The citation index of
Dr. Kolaskar confirms that the research contribution by Dr. Kolaskar. has high impact in the area of Bioinformatics, Protein Structure Prediction, Nucleic Acid Sequence Analysis and Molecular Immunology.
A.S. Kolaskar, P.S. Naik, June 2000, Online identification of viruses, J. Microbial Immunology, Infect 33,2,69-78.
A.S. Kolaskar and P.S. Naik, 1998 – computer-aided virus identification on the World Wide Web, Arch. Virol.,143, 1513-1521.
A.S. Kolaskar and P.S. Naik, 1992 – Computerization of virus data and its usefulness in virus classification, Intervirology, 34, 133-141.
Shashank Data, Rajendra Kulkarni, Bhavana Kulkarni, Urmila Kulkarni-Kale and A.S. Kolaskar, 1993 – Multiple Alignment of Sequences on Parallel Computers, CABIOS, 9, 397-402.
Rajendra Kulkarni, Shashank Date, Bhavana Kulkarni, Urmila Kulkarni and A.S. Kolaskar, 1993 – PRAS : Parallel Alignment of Sequences Algorithm, Parallel Processing Letters, 3, 243- 252.
E. E. Abola, A. Bairoch, W. C. Barker, S. Beck, D. A. Benson, H. Berman, G. Cameron, C. Cantor, S. Doubet, T. J. P. Hubbard, T. A. Jones, G. J. Kleywegt, A. S. Kolaskar, A. Van Kuik, A. M. Lesk,Mewes, D. Neuhaus, F. Pfeiffer, L. F. TenEyck, R. J. Simpson, G. Stoesser, J. L. Sussman, Y. Tateno, A. Tsugita, E. L. Ulrich, J.F.G. Vliegenthart, 2000 - Quality control in databanks for molecular biology, BioEssays, 22, 1024-1034.
Ralph C. Williams JR., Christine C. Malone, A.S. Kolaskar and Urmila Kulkarni-Kale, 1997 – Antigenic determinants reacting with rheumatoid factor: Epitopes with different primary sequences share similar conformation, Molecular Immunology, 34, 543-556.
Jacquelyn A. Davis, Elisabeth Peen, Ralph C. Williams, Jr., Shane Perkins, Christine C. Malone, Wayne T. McCormack, Elena Csernok, W.L. Gross, A.S. Kolaskar and Urmila Kulkarni-Kale, 1998 – Determination of Primary Amino Acid Sequence and Unique Three-Dimensional Structure of WGH1, a Monoclonal Human IgM Antibody with Anti-PR3 Specificity, Clinical Immunology and Immunopathology, 89, 35-43.
A.S. Kolaskar and U. Kulkarni-Kale, 1992 – Sequence alignment approach to pick up conformationally similar protein fragments, J.Mol. Biol. 223, 1053-1061.
A.S. Kolaskar, Urmila Kulkarni-Kale, 1999 – Prediction of Three-Dimensional Structure and Mapping of Conformational Epitopes on Envelope Glycoprotein of Japanese encephalitis virus, Virology, 261, 31-42.
A.S. Kolaskar and R.R. Joshi, 1998 - Molecular Dynamics Simulation of a 13-mer Duplex DNA: A PvuII Substrate, Biomol. Struct. Dyn., 15, 1155-1165.
V. Sundararajan and A.S. Kolaskar, 1996 – Conformation of Biomolecules: A search by Genetic Algorithms, Computer Science and Informatics, 26, 22-29.
International Workshop for Malaria/Bioinformatics, ATCC/MR4, Manassas, VA, USA, November, 2000
Academic Qualifications :
First, First in order of Merit.
Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore
Theoretical Studies on the Conformation of Peptides and Polypeptides
Awards and Medals :
1. Prakya Ganpatrao Gold Medal, First in M.A./M.Sc., 1971.
2. The Ramchandra Krishna Chandorkar Memorial Gold Medal, First in M.Sc., 1971.
3. Balwantrao Mahajan Prize, First in M.Sc.,1971.
4. Young Associate Member of Indian Academy of Sciences, 1984-1988 and 1990.
5. Short Term Department of Biotechnology Research Associateship, 1987-88.
6. Department of Science and Technology SERC Lecturership, 1991-92.
7. Who's Who in the World Tenth Edition, 1991-92 (Macmilon Press).
8. Man of Achievement, International Biographical Centre, 5th Edition, 1991-92.
9. `PARAM Award' from Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC) for best application software on Parallel Computer, 1991-92.
10. Life Member of Maharashtra Association of Cultivation of Sciences, Pune from 1992.
11. Elected as a Fellow of Maharashtra Academy of Sciences, (FMAS), Pune, 1993.
12. Elected as a Fellow of the Indian National Science Academy, (FNA), New Delhi, 1994.
Membership of International Scientific Societies and Bodies :
01. Elected as a member of Executive Committee of CODATA (Committee on Data for Science and Technology of the International Council of Scientific Unions), 1994 onwards.
02. Member-Treasurer of International Steering Committee of Information Resource for Release of Organisms into the Environment (IRRO) with Head-quarters at Sheffield, UK, 1993 onwards.
03. Member of Executive Committee of Microbial Strain Data Network, Sheffield, UK, 1991 onwards.
04. Executive Committee Liaison Member of CODATA Task Group on `Global Plant Checklist Network', 1994 onwards.
05. Member of CODATA Task Group on `Survey of Data Sources in Asian- Oceanic Countries', 1994 onwards.
06. Member of CODATA Commission on Standardized Terminology for Access to Biological Data Banks, 1994 onwards.
07. Member of CODATA Task Group on `Biological Macromolecules', 1986 onwards.
08. Executive Committee Liaison Member of CODATA Task Group on `Biological Macromolecules', 1996 onwards.
09. Member of CODATA Publications Advisory Board, 1996 onwards.
10. Member of International Scientific Programme Committee of 17th International CODATA Conference in Italy, 1998-2000.
11. Member of Advisory Committee of the Task Force on Bioinformatics established by IUPAB and Inter-Union Bioinformatics Group.
01. Elected as a Chairman of International Management Committee of CODATA `Hybridoma Data Bank', 1990 - 1994.
02. Member of Data Sub-Committee of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses, 1991-1993.
03. Member of International Task Force of CODATA on `Systematic Nomenclature for Foods in Numerical Data Banks', 1988-1994.
04. Member of International Task Force of CODATA on `Hybridoma Data Bank', 1988- 1992.
05. Member of International Scientific Programme Committee of 15th International CODATA Conference at Tsakuba Science City, Japan, 1994-1996.
06. Member of Working Group of CODATA Glossary of Terms Relating to Data, Data Capture, Data Manipulation and Databases, 1996-1998.
07. Chairman of International Scientific Programme Committee of 16th International CODATA Conference at New Delhi, India, 1996-1998.
Membership of Scientific Societies:
1. Society of Biological Chemist, India, 1980 onwards.
2. Indian Biophysical Society, India, Life member.
3. Computer Society of India, India, 1982-1988.
4. New York Academy of Sciences, USA, 1988 onwards.
5. American Association of Advancements of Sciences, USA, 1988 onwards.
6. Technology Transfer Society, USA, 1990-1994.
7. Maharashtra Association of Cultivation of Sciences, (MACS), Pune 1992 onwards.
Member of Editorial Board of International Journals & Series Publications:
(i) BINARY - Academic Press, U.K., 1990.
(ii) Bioinformatics - ASFRA B.V., Netherlands, 1992.
(iii) Terminology - John Benjamins Publishing Co., Netherlands, 1993.
Scientific Editorial Board of Data and Knowledge in a Changing World - Springer, 1996.
Member of Scientific Committees:
Member of Scientific Advisory Committee of the Department of Biotechnology, Government of India, New Delhi, 1996 onwards.
Member of Steering Committee of Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC), Pune, 1997 onwards.
Member of Governing Council of Centre for Information Technology (C-IT), Pune, 1994 onwards.
Member on UGC committee of subject panel on `Animal and Plant Sciences', 1997 onwards.
Member of High-Level Editorial Advisory Board of Biotech Consortium India Limited (BCIL), New Delhi, 1994 onwards.
Member and Secretary of Committee on CODATA of Indian National Science Academy, New Delhi, 1985-1991, Member Ex-officio 1994-1997, Member 1997-2000.
Member-Secretary of National Committee for International Union of Pure & Applied Biophysics (IUPAB), New Delhi, 1994 onwards.
Member of Programme Advisory Committee on Molecular Biology, Biophysics & Biochemistry under Science & Engineering Research Council (SERC) of Department of Science & Technology, New Delhi, 1994 onwards.
Member of the Scientific Advisory Committee of Vector Control Research Centre, Pondicherry, 1992 onwards.
Member of Scientific Advisory Committee of National Institute of Virology, Pune, 1995 onwards.
Programme Formulation Group on Jai Vigyan Mission Programme on ‘Development and Production of New Generation Vaccines for JEV’ of Department of Biotechnology, Government of India, New Delhi.
Member of Advisory Committee of the Task Force on Bioinformatics established by IUPAB and Inter-Union Bioinformatics Group.
Member of Expert Committee of UGC to review the progress made by the Department of Molecular Biophysics, Indian Institute of Science (IISc.), Bangalore.
Member of Core Advisory Committee for Microbial Containment Complex, Indian Council of Medical Research, Pune 1999 onwards.
Elected as a Vice-President of Maharashtra Association for the Cultivation of Science, Pune, 1999-2002.
Member of Task Force on the Bioinformatics Programme of Department of Biotechnology, Government of India, New Delhi, 1984-1996.
Member of Governing Body of the National Facility for Animal Tissue and Cell Culture, and now National Centre for Cell Science (NCCS), Pune, 1991-96.
Member of the Executive Council of Society for National Facility for Animal Tissue and Cell Culture, Pune, 1991-1996.
Member of UGC committee on formulation of syllabus in `Molecular Biophysics' at Post-graduate level, 1993-1995.
Member on the UGC committee of the subject panel on `Biosciences', 1994-1996.
Convener of Pune Chapter of Indian National Science Academy, New Delhi, 1995-1997.
Elected member of Guha Research Conference 1985-1991 and re- elected in 1992-1998.
Member of University Statutory Bodies:
1. Member of Senate, University of Pune, Pune 1995 onwards.
2. Member of Academic Council, University of Pune, Pune, 1990 onwards.
3. Chairman, Adhoc Board of Studies in Biotechnology, University of Pune, Pune, October 1994-1996.
Chairman, Adhoc Board of Studies in Bioinformatics, University of Pune, Pune, December 1990 onwards.
5. Member, Purchase Committee, University of Pune, Pune, 1995 onwards.
6. Member, Budget Advisory Committee, 1993-1995, 1998-2000.
Experience in guiding Ph.D. and M.Phil. students:
1. Was associated with Mr.D. Prashanth at IISc. who was student of Prof.G.N.Ramachandran as Co-guide.
2. Mr. V.Ramabrahmam and Mr. B.V.B. Reddy have obtained Ph.D. from University of Hyderabad under my supervision.
3. Presently four students are working for Ph.D. in University of Pune, Pune, India.
4. Guide of M.Phil. students at University of Hyderabad and University of Pune. Presently three students are working for M.Phil. in University of Pune, Pune, India.
Present Research Projects:
Theoretical and Experimental studies on development of peptide vaccine against Japanese Encephalitis (JE), supported by DBT.
Theoretical studies on protein folding using crystal structure data of large number of globular proteins and application of artificial intelligence using parallel and neuro computers, supported by C-DAC.
Database Creation and Management on Parallel Computer, supported by C-DAC.
Analysis of nucleic acids sequences and three dimensional structures and co-related its function using molecular dynamics simulations.
Evolution of Biomacromolecules such as protein and nucleic acids.
Visiting Scientist, Georgia Tech University, Atlanta, USA, January-March 1997.
Visiting Professor, Department of Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, USA, April- September, 1997.
Prof. & Head - Department of Biotechnology, University of Pune, Pune, India, October 1994 - May 1996.
Prof. & Head - Department of Zoology, University of Pune, Pune, India, July 1991 - September 1994.
Scientist ‘C’ - Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Hyderabad, India, April 1983 - June 1986. Group leader - `Theoretical Biophysics and Theoretical Biology'.
Lecturer - School of Life Sciences, Central University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad, India, January 1978 - April 1983.
Guest Worker - Laboratory of Chemical Physics NIAMDD, National Institutes of Health, USA, August - December 1977.
Research Associate - Laboratory of Chemical Physics, University of Chicago, USA, August - December, 1977.
Visiting Scientist - Institute de Biologue Physico-Cheimque, Paris, France, May - June 1977.
Research Associate - Molecular Biophysics Unit of Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India, May 1976 - May 1977.
Have taught for five years to M.Sc., M.Phil. and Ph.D. students in School of Life Sciences, Hyderabad University. Subjects taught include - Biostatistics, Biomacromolecules, Physical Biochemistry, Computer Programming, 1978-83.
Have taught for Ph.D. students in Biochemistry Dept., Osmania University, 1983-86.
Have taught to M.Sc. Biotechnology students of Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, 1985-86.
Teaching Ph.D., M.Phil. and M.Sc. Biotechnology and Zoology students at University of Pune, Pune, June 1986 onwards.
International & National Training Programmes/Workshops/Conferences Organized:
International Workshop in Bioinformatics, 16-19th August, 1988.
National CODATA Conference, 5-7th February, 1990.
Short Term Training Course on `Use of Computers in Data Banks for Biotechnologists', 20-26th September, 1990.
One day session on `Continuing Medical Education' during XV National Congress of Indian Association of Medical Microbiologist and Government Medical College, Aurangabad, 21-23rd October, 1991.
International Microbial Strain Data Network Training Course on `The Use of Computers in Culture Collections and Microbiology Laboratories', 11-16th November, 1991.
National Symposium on `Recent Trends in Molecular and Medical Biophysics' organized by University of Pune & Indian Bio-Physical Society, 7-9th February, 1972.
DAE Symposium on Vaccine Production and Animal Cell Biology "Current Status & Future Direction", 22-24th February, 1992.
Workshop on `Parallel Processing and its applications in Bioinformatics' 4-5th January, 1993.
Workshop on `Use of Computerized Data Banks and Networks for Biotechnologists', 30th March-2nd April, 1994.
Workshop on `Molecular Modelling and Computer Networks for Biotechnologists', 23-25th January, 1995.
Half Day Seminar on PUNE Library Network on 19th May, 1995.
Workshop on `Use of computerized bibliographic databases in medicine through networks' on 18th June, 1995.
International IRRO (Information Resource on the Release of Organisms into the Environment) Training Course on `Bioinformatics and Release of Novel Organisms into the Environment', 21-26th August, 1995.
National CODATA Seminar on `Networking and Biological Data Banks', 13-15th March, 1996.
Programme Advisory Committee Meeting of Department of Science & Technology, Government of India, 6-7 April, 1996.
CODATA/DSAO Survey of Data Sources in Asian-Oceanic Countries 9th Task Group Meeting & International Seminar on ‘Future Plan for Scientific Data & Data Communication in Asian-Oceanic Countries’ at Indian National Science Academy, New Delhi on 6-7 November 1998.
16th International CODATA Conference ‘Scientific & Technical Data and Communication for the Sustainable Development of Nations - Data Management in the Evolving Information Society’ at Habitat World, India Habitat Centre, New Delhi, 8-12th November, 1998.
One day training on `Use of Computerised Data Banks to Biotechnologists' at Institute of Science, Aurangabad on 10th December, 1990.
One day session on `Continuing Medical Education' during XV National Congress of Indian Association of Medical Microbiologist and Government Medical College, Aurangabad, 21-23rd October, 1991.
Series of lectures in the Colleges on `Bioinformatics' at Poona College and S.P. College, Pune & Pravara Rural Medical College, Loni in 1993.
First Conference of Indian Transputer Users Group (ITUG-93) at C-DAC, Pune - Chaired a Session `Scientific Computing' on 15th December, 1993.
Dr. N.G. Chaphekar Memorial Oration, College of Engineering, Pune - Delivered lecture on 27th December, 1993.
Orientation Course for College Teachers at Agharkar Research Institute, Pune on 5th February, 1994.
A Symposium on `Health Consequences of Marathwada Earthquake Disaster' organised by Maharashtra Institute of Mental Health, Pune - Chaired a Session on `Effective Data Management' on 14th February, 1994.
ACS College, Akurdi, Pune - Delivered invited lecture on `Bioinformatics' on 23rd February, 1994.
Workshop on `Computer Awareness' at Modern College, Pune on 18th April, 1994.
Training Programme for Libraries/Information Assistants for ICMS organised by Vaikunth Mehta National Institute of Co-operative Management, Pune on 30th April, 1994.
Delivered an invited lecture during a Symposium on `Frontier Technology and Multinationals' at Dhyan Prabhodhinit, Pune on 9th November, 1994.
Delivered an invited lecture on `Immunology of Aids Virus' at Poona College, Pune on 12th December, 1994.
Delivered an invited lecture on `Computer Methods to predict three dimensional structure of proteins and nucleic acids' during Academy Discussion Meeting at National Chemical Laboratory, Pune from 16-18th December, 1994.
Delivered invited lecture on `Role of Information Technology in Medicine' during Training Course on Advanced Medical Instrumentation, School of Basic Medical Sciences at Department of Physics, University of Pune, Pune, on 24th March, 1995.
Inaugurated 49th Orientation Programme for the college/university teachers at Academic Staff College, University of Pune, Pune as a Chief Guest on 18th July, 1995.
Inaugurated Biotechnology Teaching Programme of UGC at Department of Biotechnology, Ahmednagar College, Ahmednagar as a Chief Guest on 18th September, 1995.
Inaugurated WHO Workshop on `Scientific Writing' organised by Institute for Research in Production at Mumbai on 2nd February, 1998.
Delivered Keynote address in a Seminar on `Relevance of Bioinformatics in Microbiology' organised by Microbiology Department of Vidya Pratishthan's Arts, Science and Commerce College, Baramati, February 1998.
Actively participated in International Exhibition on LIFE-2000 at Nehru Centre, Mumbai in 1995 & 1996.
Delivered several lectures in the University Departments such as Botany, Physics, Zoology. Microbiology, Jayakar Library etc.
Attendance of International Meetings, Conferences:
Attended several meetings and conferences in the area of Biophysics, Bioinformatics and CODATA. Delivered invited talks and presented papers (See Annexure I). Toured extensively US Universities and Institutions to deliver lectures. Also visited Taiwan on the invitation of National Science Academy of Taiwan to deliver special oration lecture. Visited Singapore, Japan, Korea, European countries like France, U.K., Germany, etc.
Copyrights of software packages and data banks:
1. Animal Virus Information System (AVIS).
2. PRAS and PNAS on Parallel Computer of C-DAC.
3. PRAS and PNAS on PC-AT compatible system.
4. Molecular Graphics (MG) on PC-AT compatible system.
5. Immunology on PC-AT compatible system.
In addition to the academic pursuit which can be evaluated on the basis of publications I have also contributed to build an active Bioinformatics Centre at University of Pune with all modern facilities such as Local Area Network, multimedia workstations and servers with connectivity through fiber optics network etc. These workstations can be used in parallel mode in PVM architecture. Wide Area Network has been also developed through INTERNET and this is one of the few centres in the country which has its own `Home Page on World Wide Web' using Netscape and Mosaic. The high quality work carried out by the Bioinformatics Centre, in last 6-7 years, has several firsts :
World's largest computerized data bank on `Animal viruses' with information in alpha numeric and pictorial form. This is the only data bank from India which is available on INTERNET not only at our centre in Pune but also from Base de Dados Tropical, Campinas, Brazil and University of Sheffield, U.K.
Software for analysis of biological sequence and structure data as well as molecular modelling studies on parallel computer PARAM. The software is copyrighted in India and Europe.
Multimedia teaching aid package in biology - immunology.
Asian Node for Microbial Strain Data Network - gives access to all microbial data, data on releases of organisms in environment, data to carry out risk assessment on releases etc.
Complete connectivity of 12 libraries in Pune City through computer network by developing indigenous software for database creation, search and network.
Started `Advanced Diploma in Bioinformatics' course of 12 months duration for students with M.Sc., M.V.Sc., M.B.B.S., B.E./B.Tech. background.
I am actively involved in initiating and formulating `Bioinformatics System in India' as a member of Task Force on the Bioinformatics Programme of Department of Biotechnology. I am the only member who is in this Task Force continuously from its inception in 1984. Internationally I am actively working with CODATA, an ICSU Committee, and is a member of several task forces, including member of its Executive Committee.
In addition, the Centre has developed a close link with Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC) and has several collaborative programmes. This interaction is now considered as a model for interaction between two institutes anywhere in the country. This interaction helped University to lay 7.5 k.m. fiber optics cable through out the campus to have computer connectivity with every department in the University campus. University of Pune is the only University in the country which has established such network. I am one of the founder member of Centre for Information Technology (C-IT), a new institute founded jointly by University of Pune and C-DAC, which has incorporated several new ideas of higher education, contract research and futuristic research with little dependence on government funds. In fact, Bioinformatics Centre has helped to develop many other departments, Jayakar Library - main University library on the campus and other Bioinformatics Centres in the country. The culture and expertise developed at the Centre provides high quality support to users from various backgrounds in accessing, analyzing and modelling information. Users helped by the Bioinformatics Centre include those from Industry, non- governmental organizations, research scientists, policy makers and students. Centre is also acting as a catalyst for networking Pune City and has helped number of citizens including practicing physicians and lawyers to be on the network by providing necessary know-how.
I have also conducted several training programmes and participated in numerous Workshops to make scientists aware of advancements in Bioinformatics and its usefulness. Training Programmes conducted at the Centre are appreciated by International agencies such as UNEP, UNIDO, FAO etc. as they are of desired academic standards and professionally managed. The centre has collaborative programmes and close interaction with institutes in Japan, USA and UK. New algorithms and several value added quality databases in addition to animal virus information system are developed which are available through INTERNET. In short, the centre has taken proactive attitude for the development of Bioinformatics and computer communications.
In addition to development and establishment of Bioinformatics Centre, I am also involved in creating and developing a vibrant Biotechnology Department in University of Pune. It must be mentioned that constructing a building, establishing a work culture with freedom and sense of belonging is unique to Bioinformatics Centre and Biotechnology Department in the University of Pune. With positive attitude I helped to develop other departments such as Zoology Department of University of Pune, National Facility for Animal Tissue and Cell Culture (NFATCC), Pune and Biophysics Department of Institute of Science, Aurangabad.
I am an active member of CODATA (Committee on Data for Science and Technology) of the ICSU (International Council of Scientific Unions) since 1986. As a recognition of my contributions to CODATA, I am elected as a member to its executive body in 1994. Because of my efforts, 1998 CODATA Congress will be organized in India even though Poland was quite keen to organize the same. This should be seen in the context that 1996 CODATA Congress is also in Asia in Scuba, Japan. Most of the international organizations do not want consecutive two congresses in the same continent.
As a Director of Pune Library Network I have not only established very active hub with the facilities to dial up to our computer from any library in Pune City but the software and the database which was developed at our Centre allows one to get connected to other libraries in the Pune City through automatic dialing and to show where and which book/journal is available and its status. Presently 12 libraries are connected with each other to Centre. We will connect 71 libraries in the Pune city. Such linkage of library will help large number of users who find it difficult to move from one library to other library to find out the resource material and will improve productivity.
In the University of Pune the financial autonomy is given to various departments including my department and Bioinformatics Centre. The annual turnover, excluding salary of the staff, is in the range of 1.2 - 1.5 Crores per year. Total staff which is directly working with me is about 50 persons at various levels - professor, scientists, technical assistants, research associates, engineers, librarians, peons etc. I am also member of various decision making University bodies and committees such as Senate, Academic Council, Chairman of Board of Studies etc. Presently, I am helping University in making purchases as a member of `Purchase Committee' and monitoring the progress in expenditure as a member of `Budget Monitoring Committee'. Both these committees are formed under new University Act 1994 of Maharashtra State Government. In fact, University of Pune is the only University which has surplus budget. It has created strong interactions with `Indian Army' and is the only University where Indian Army has instituted a `Chair' for a professor in `defense policy analysis'. I am duly involved in shaping administrative and financial reforms of the University at various levels.
In short, in last ten years I have got rich administrative experience at international, national and local level through my involvement in various activities of CODATA, INSA, DST, DBT, UGC, CSIR and various University bodies.
G.N.Ramachandran, A.V.Laksminarayan and A.S.Kolaskar, 1973 - Theory of the Non-planar Peptide Unit, Biochem.Biophys. Acta, 303 8-13.
G.N.Ramachandran, and A.S.Kolaskar, 1973, - The non-planar peptide unit II. Comparison of theory with crystal structure data., Biochem, Biophys. Acta, 303 385-388.
G.N.Ramachandran, K.P.Sarathy and A.S.Kolaskar, 1973 - Interatomic potential functions and crystal packing, Z.fur Kristallographic, Bd., 138 299-312.
G.N.Ramachandran, K.P.Sarathy and A.S.Kolaskar, 1973 - Molecular packing of the crystal, N-methyl acetamide, Z.fur Naturforsch, 28-A 643-646.
G.N.Ramchandran, A.S.Kolaskar and Ramesh Narayan,1974 - A new type of dihedral angle for the description of Biomolecular structure - Curr.Sci., 43 197-198.
A.S.Kolaskar, C. Ramakrishnan, V. Sasisekharan and G.N. Ramachandran, 1974 - The mean geometry of the peptide unit from crystal structure data., Biochem.Biophys. Acta., 359 298-302.
A.S.Kolaskar, K.P.Sarathy, A.V. Lakshminarayanan and V.Sasisekharan, 1975 - The non-planar peptide unit III. Quantum chemical calculations for related compounds and experimental X- ray diffraction data, Biopolymers,14 1081-1094.
A.S.Kolaskar, K.P.Sarathy and V.Sasisekharan, 1975 - The need for a modified psi potential in the dipeptide model, Curr.Sci., 44 33-38.
A.S.Kolaskar, K.P.Sarathy and V.Sasisekharan, 1975 - A note on the torsional potential function v (O) in the dipeptide model, Theoret. Chim. Acta, 38 109-114.
A.S.Kolaskar and D.Prashanth, 1977 - Torsional potentials from observed dipeptide conformations in protein structure data, Curr.Sci., 46 543-546.
A.S.Kolaskar and D.Prashanth, 1979 - Empirical torsional potential functions from protein data II. phi and psi potentials from nonglycyl Amino Acid residues, Int.J.Peptide and Prot.Res., 14 88-98.
A.S.Kolaskar and K.V.Soman, 1979 - A common factor in in-vivo synthesized polypeptides, Curr.Sci., 48 928-931.
A.S.Kolaskar and K.P.Sarathy, 1980 - The non-planar peptide unit IV Geometry and non-planar distortions of the cis-peptide unit, Biopolymers, 19 1345-1355.
A.S.Kolaskar,K.V.Soman,V.Ramabrahmam, 1980 - Reversals of polypeptide chain in globular proteins, Int.J.Peptide and Prot.Res., 16 1-11.
A.S.Kolaskar and V.Ramabrahmam,1981-Conformational similarity among amino acid residues:1. Analysis of protein crystal structure data, Int.J.Biol.Macromol., 3 171-178.
A.S.Kolaskar and V.Ramabrahmam, 1982 - Side chain characteristic main chain conformations of amino acid residues, Int.J.Peptide and Prot.Res., 19 1-9.
A.S.Kolaskar and V.Ramabrahmam, 1982 - Nature of amino acid substitutions in homologous proteins during evolution, Int.J.Biol.Macromol., 4 150-154.
A.S.Kolaskar and V.Ramabrahmam, 1982 - Obligatory amino acids in primitive proteins, BioSystems 15 105-109.
A.S.Kolaskar and V.Ramabrahmam, 1983 - Conformational properties of pairs of amino acids, Int.J.Peptide and Prot.Res., 22 83-91.
A.S.Kolaskar,K.R.Naidu,Y.Seethambaram and V.S.Rama Das, 1984 - Photoacoustic characterization of the in-vivo levels of chlorophyll a in the adaxial and abaxial sides of the leaf, Proc. Indian Acad.Sci. (Plant Sci) 93 275-279.
A.S.Kolaskar and V.Ramabrahmam, 1984 - Are Secondary structures secondary?, Int.J.Peptide and Prot.Res. 24 392-401.
A.S. Kolaskar and B.V.B.Reddy, 1985 - A method to locate protein coding sequences in DNA of prokaryotic systems, Nucleic Acid.Res., 13 185-194.
A.S. Kolaskar and B.V.B.Reddy, 1985 - Complimentary DNA sequence data analysis of prokaryotic systems., J.Biosciences, 7 49-59.
A.S.Kolaskar, T.A.Thanaraj and M.W.Pandit., 1985 - Prediction of secondary structures of 16S and 23S rRNA from E.Coli., J.Biosciences, 8 791-798.
A.S.Kolaskar and B.V.B.Reddy, 1986 - Contextual constraints on codon pair usage: Structural and biological implications, J.Biomol.Stru.Dyn., 3 725-738.
M.W.Pandit, A.S.Kolaskar,T.A.Thanaraj and P.M.Bharghava, 1986 - Analysis of repeating oligonucleotide sequences in ribonucleic acids using an Apple II microcomputer, Comput.Appl.in Biosci., 2 189-194.
T.A. Thanaraj, A.S.Kolaskar and M.W.Pandit, 1988 - Prediction of the recognition sites on 16S and 23S rRNA from E.coli for the formation of 16S-23S rRNA Complex., J.Biomol. Struc. & Dyn., 6 587-592.
T.A. Thanaraj, A.S. Kolaskar and M.W. Pandit, 1989 - An extension of the graph Theoretical approach to predict the secondary structure of large RNAs: the complex of 16S and 23S rRNAs from E.coli as a case study, CABIOS, 3 211-218.
A. Sharada Devi, T. Rehana, A.S. Kolaskar & M.W. Pandit, 1989 - Hydrophilicity and antigenicity of proteins - A case study of myoglobin and hemoglobin, J. Biosci., 14 133-142.
A.S. Kolaskar and Prasad Tongaonkar, 1990 - A semi-empirical method for prediction of antigenic determinants on protein antigens, FEBS Letters, 276 (12) 172-174.
P.S. Naik and A.S. Kolaskar, 1990 - Distributed Information Centre and The Animal Virus Information System, Indian J. Virol., 6, 32-37.
M. Kutubuddin, A.S. Kolaskar, S.Galande, M.M.Gore, S.N.Ghosh and K. Banerjee, 1991 - Recognition of helper T Cell epitopes in envelope (E) Glycoprotein of Japanese Encephalitis, West Nile and Dengue viruses, J. Mol. Immunology, 28 (1/2) 149-154.
Hiromi Suzuki, A.S. Kolaskar, Steven Samuel, Akira Tsugita, 1991 - A protein secondary structure database (PSS), Protein Sequences and Data Analysis, 4 97-104.
A.S. Kolaskar and S.L. Samuel, 1991 - Analysis of Inverted Repeats in primary structure of proteins, Protein Sequences and Data Analysis, 4 105-110.
A.S. Kolaskar and U. Kulkarni-Kale, 1992 - Sequence alignment approach to pick up conformationally similar protein fragments, J.Mol.Biology, 223 4, 1053-1061.
A.S. Kolaskar, 1992 - Outline of Activities as Distributed Bioinformatics Centre, University of Pune, Bioinformatics, 1 4, 3-5.
A.S. Kolaskar and P.S. Naik, 1992 - Computerization of Animal Virus Data - An Indian Attempt, Bioinformatics, 1 4, 6-10.
A.S. Kolaskar and P.S. Naik, 1992 - Computerization of virus data and its usefulness in virus classification, Intervirology, 34, 133-141.
Shashank Date, Rajendra Kulkarni, Bhavana Kulkarni, Urmila Kulkarni-Kale and A.S. Kolaskar, 1993 - Multiple Alignment of Sequences on Parallel Computers, CABIOS, 9 4, 397-402.
A.S. Kolaskar, M. Kutubuddin, M.M. Gore, K. Banerjee and S.N. Ghosh, 1993 - Analysis of computer predicted antibody inducing epitope on Japanese Encephalitis Virus, Acta Virologica, 37, 417- 428.
Rajendra Kulkarni, Shashank Date, Bhavna Kulkarni, Urmila Kulkarni and A.S. Kolaskar, 1993 - PRAS : Parallel Alignment of Sequences Algorithm, Parallel Processing Letters, 3 3, 243-252.
A.S. Kolaskar, Bharati Joshi and B.V.B. Reddy, 1995 - Contextual Constraints in the choice of synonymous codons, Special Issue of Indian Journal of Biochemistry and Biophysics, 32, 417-423.
A.S. Kolaskar and Sangeeta Sawant, 1996 - Prediction of conformational states of amino acids using Ramachandran plot, International Journal of Peptide & Protein Research, 47, 110-116.
V. Sundararajan and A.S. Kolaskar, 1996 – Conformation of Biomolecules : A search by Genetic Algorithms, Computer Science and Informatics, 26, 4, 22-29.
Ralph C. Williams, Jr. Christine C. Malone, A.S. Kolaskar and Urmila Kulkarni-Kale, 1997 – Antigenic determinants reacting with rheumatoid factor: Epitopes with different primary sequences share similar conformation, Molecular Immunology, 34, 7, 543-556.
A.S. Kolaskar and R.R. Joshi, 1998 - Molecular Dynamics Simulation of a 13-mer Duplex DNA: A PvuII Substrate, Biomolecular Structure & Dynamics, 15, 6, 1155-1165.
A.S. Kolaskar and R. R. Joshi, 1998 - Role of TATA in Prokaryotic Promoters, Research Communications in Biochemistry, Cell and Molecular Biology, Vol.2, Nos. 3 & 4, 371-380.
A.S. Kolaskar and P.S. Naik, 1998 - Computer-aided virus identification on the World Wide Web, Archives of Virology, 143, 8, 1513-1521.
A.S. Kolaskar, Jacquelyn A. Davis, Shane Perkins, Ralph C. Williams, Jr., Christine C. Malone, Wayne McCormack, Elena Csernok, W.L. Gross, Urmila Kulkarni-Kale, 1998 - Determination of Primary Amino Acid Sequence and Unique Three Dimensional Structure of WGH-1, a Monoclonal Human IgM Antibody with Anti-PR-3 Specificity, Clinical Immunology and Immunopathology, 89 , 1, 35-43..
A.S.Kolaskar and Urmila Kulkarni-Kale, 1999 - Prediction of three-dimensional structure and mapping of conformational epitopes on envelope glycoprotein of Japanese encephalitis virus, Virology 261, 31-42 .
Urmila Kulkarni-Kale, Shriram G. Bhosle, G. Sunitha
Manjari, Manali Joshi, Sandeep Bansode, Ashok S. Kolaskar,
Greenbaum, J. A., Andersen, P. H., Blythe, M., Bui, H.
H., Cachau, R. E., Crowe, J., Davies, M., Kolaskar, A. S., Lund, O.,
Morrison, S., Mumey, B., Ofran, Y., Pellequer, J. L., Pinilla, C.,
Ponomarenko, J. V., Raghava, G. P., Van Regenmortel, M. H., Roggen, E. L. ,
Sette, A., Schlessinger, A., Sollner, J., Zand, M., Peters, B.(2007). Towards
a consensus on datasets and evaluation metrics for developing B-cell epitope
prediction tools. J. Mol. Recognit. 20(2),
Papers Published in Conference Proceedings :
S.Ramachandran and A.S.Kolaskar, 1987 - Bioinformation systems in India, Computer Handling and Dissemination of Data, (Ed. P.S. Glaeser) Elsevier Science Publisher B.V. (North Holland) CODATA, 394-399.
A.S.Kolaskar, 1987 - Analysis of Biomacromolecular Data - Computer Handling and Dissemination of Data (Ed. P.S. Glaeser) Elsevier Science Publisher B.V. (North Holland) CODATA, 506-508.
S. Ramachandran and A.S. Kolaskar, 1990 - Bioinformation system in India, Handbook of Libraries, Archives & Information Centres in India, 7 14-21.
A.S. Kolaskar and Steven Samuel, 1990 - Data Bank for Protein Engineers, CODATA Bulletin - `Data activities and database developments in East-Asian countries', 22 3, 143-145.
A.S. Kolaskar and S.R. Kulkarni, 1991 - Survey of Data Banks in India, CODATA Bulletin - `Database Developments in Asian-Oceanic Countries', 23 3, 111-116.
A.S. Kolaskar, 1991 - Use of Sequence, Structure, and Hybridoma Data Banks to Predict Structure of Envelope Glycoprotein of Japanese Encephalitis Virus, CODATA Bulletin - `Information Integration for Biological Macromolecules', 23 4, 47-53.
R.V. Kulkarni, S. Date, B. Kulkarni, U. Kulkarni and A.S. Kolaskar, 1991 - PRAS : parallel alignment of sequences package, Advanced Computing '91, 1 392-399.
A.S. Kolaskar, 1992 - Parallel Computers in Biological Data Bank Management, Procd. of 13th International CODATA Conference "New Data Challenges in our Information Age" (Ed. Phyllis Glaeser) (in press).
A.S. Kolaskar and P.S. Naik, 1994 - Computerized Animal Virus Data Bank and its Use in Taxonomical Classification of Viruses, CODATA Procd. 1, "Data Sources in Asian-Oceanic Countries", Ed. Jen-Leih Wu, Yarou and Edgar F. Westrum Jr., 101-106.
A.S. Kolaskar and P.S. Naik, 1994 - An Online Data Bank from India on Animal Viruses, CODATA Procd. 3, "Database Developments in Asian-Oceanic Countries", Ed. Yaruo Hu and Edgar F. Westrum Jr., 61-65.
V. Sundararajan and A.S. Kolaskar, 1996 – Parallel Genetic Algorithms on PARAM for Conformation of Biopolymers, Proceedings of International Conference on High Performance Computing, IEEE, Computer Society, 22.
Compiled two volumes of convocation addresses delivered by the chief guest from 1949-1993 entitled `Precious Thoughts'.
Writing a book on ‘Bioinformatics’ for Wiley Eastern Ltd., India
Editing a book on 'Plant Genome Data and Data Analysis' along with Prof. Akira Tsugita, published by Springer.
Chapters in the Books :
A.S. Kolaskar, 1992 - Bioinformatics in India - Past, present and future, Growth of Biotechnology in India - A Tribute to Dr. S. Ramachandran, (Ed. G.P. Talwar and Sandip K. Basu) 157-165.
A.S. Kolaskar and P.S. Naik, 1995 - Concerted Use of Multiple Databases for Taxonomic Insights, a Chapter in a book "The Information Revolution : Impact on Science and Technology", Ed. J.E. Dubois and N. Gershon, 263-270, Springer.
A.S. Kolaskar and P.S. Naik, 1997 - Computerised Virus Database and its usefulness in identification and classification - a Chapter in a book entitled `Species Diversity : Global Data System', Ed. Karen Wilson and Frank Bisby, Springer.
V. Sundararajan and A.S. Kolaskar, 1997 - Migrating Genetic Algorithms on PARAM for Conformational Search, a chapter in the book `Computational Paradigm for Synthesizing Models and Simulations of Complex Biological Systems', Edited by S.S. Iyengar, CRC Press.
International Visit to attend Task Force/Committee Meetings :
Task Force meeting of Hybridoma Data Bank at Karlsruhe, West Germany, from 24-25th September, 1988.
Task Group meeting on `Construction of an International Food Language for use in data banks' at National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, USA.
Annual meeting of CODATA Task Group on `Biological Macromolecules' at Ringberg, Munich from 5-8th February, 1989.
IIIrd meeting of CODATA Task Group on `Survey of Data Sources in East-Asian Countries' at Kyoto, Japan from 1-3rd March, 1990.
Task Group meeting on `Biological Macromolecules of CODATA' at Menton, France from 16-19th March, 1990.
CODATA Task Group on `Systematic Nomenclature for foods in Numerical Data Banks' at National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, USA from 28-30th March, 1990.
4th meeting of CODATA Task Group on `Survey of Data Sources in Asian-Oceanic Countries' at Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Seoul, Korea from 30th January - 3rd February, 1991.
CODATA Task Group meeting on `Biological Macromolecules' at Washington, USA from 14-16th March, 1991.
CODATA Task Group on meeting `Biological Macromolecules' at Ringberg, Germany from 10-13th March, 1993.
Annual General meeting of Executive Committee of Microbial Strain Data Network (MSDN), Cambridge, U.K. from 15-16th March, 1993.
International Steering Committee meeting of Information Resource for the Release of Organisms into the Environment (IRRO) at Churchill College, Cambridge, U.K., from 28th February - 1st March, 1994.
Annual General Executive Committee meeting of Microbial Strain Data Network (MSDN), Cambridge, UK on 2nd March, 1994.
6th CODATA Task Group meeting on `Survey of Data Sources in Asian-Oceanic Countries' (chaired a session) at Institute of Zoology, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan from 10-12th March, 1994.
CODATA Long Range Planning meeting at Chambery, France from 16- 17th September, 1994.
19th CODATA General Assembly meeting at Chambery, France from 23- 24th September, 1994.
International Scientific Programme Committee of 15th International CODATA Conference at Paris, France from 3-5th March, 1995.
40th CODATA Executive Committee meeting at Paris, France from 6-7th March, 1995.
Annual General meeting of Executive Committee of Microbial Strain Data Network (MSDN), at Sheffield, U.K. on 26th June, 1995.
Steering Committee meeting of Information Resource for the Release of Organisms into the Environment (IRRO) at Sheffield, U.K. on 27th June, 1995.
International Scientific Programme Advisory Committee of 15th International CODATA Conference at Paris, France on 16th March, 1996.
41st CODATA Executive Committee meeting at Paris, France on 18-19th March, 1996.
CODATA Task Group of Asian Oceanic Countries at Tokyo University, Japan from 26-27th September, 1996.
42nd CODATA Executive Committee meeting at Paris, France on 24-25th March, 1997.
CODATA Publication Committee meeting in CODATA Secretariat, Paris, France on 3rd May, 1998.
43rd CODATA Executive Committee meeting at Paris, France on 4-5th May, 1998.
30th Anniversary Meeting of the Chinese Society of Microbiology (Taipei) at National Taiwan University on 27th November, 1998.
44th CODATA Executive Committee meeting at Paris, France on 14-16th April, 1999.
Invited talks delivered during International Conferences /Workshops :
0th International CODATA Conference on `Computer Handling and Dissemination of Data' at Ottawa, Canada, Title - "Bioinformatics Systems in India", from 14-17 July, 1986.
11th International CODATA Conference on `Scientific and Technical Data in a New Era' at Karlsruhe, West Germany, Title - "Data Bank activity on viruses, cell lines and organ cultures", from 26-29th September, 1988.
International Seminar on `Numeric/factual Data Handling' organized by National Library of Malaysia and UNESCO at Malaysia - Title "Hard Data Banks in Biology - present status" from 12-16th February, 1990.
Workshop on `Standardized Coding of Plant and Animal Virus Characteristics' at American Type Culture Collection, USA - Title "Numerical Coding of Virus Information and Computerized Data Bank in Animal Virus - an Indian attempt" from 19-20th March, 1990.
International Conference on `Bioinformatics, Integration of Organismic and Molecular Databases and use of Expert Systems in Biology' at George Mason University, Virginia, USA - Title "Analysis of Nucleic Acids Sequences - Method to predict Protein coding regions in prokaryotes and eukaryotes" and chaired a Session "Issues of Networking in Developed and Underdeveloped countries and its impact on Biotechnology", from 9-11th July, 1990.
12th International CODATA Congress on `Data for Discovery' at Columbus, Ohio, USA - Title `Computerized Animal Virus Information and its link with other Biological Data Banks' from 15-21st July, 1990.
Invited lectures at Institute of Zoology, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan on "An approach for synthetic peptide vaccine against Japanese Encephalitis virus" and "Analysis for nucleic acids sequence data - structural and biological implication" from 28-29th January, 1991.
UNEP/MSDN Biotechnology Information Workshop at Rockville, USA Chaired session on "Need for Integrated International Information Resource for the Release of Organism into the Environment" from 10-13th March, 1991.
Workshop on `International Information Resource on Release of Organisms into the Environment' organized by Microbial Strain Data Network, U.K. at Washington, USA from 11-14th March, 1991.
Colloquium on the `Integration of Information concerning Biological Macromolecules' at Georgetown University, USA - Title "Use of Sequence, Structure and Hybridoma Data Banks to Predict Structure of Envelope Glycoprotein of Japanese Encephalitis Virus" from 13-16th March, 1991.
The Second International Conference on`Bioinformatics, Supercomputing and Complex Genome Analysis at St. Petersburg Beach, Florida, USA - Title "Use of Parallel Computers in Nucleic Acids, Protein Sequence and Structure Analysis" and third session was chaired from 4-7th June, 1992.
Second International Workshop on "Open Problems of Computational Molecular Biology" organised by University of Colorado , USA at Telluride Academy Office, Boulder , USA - Title `Conformational Aspects in Linguistics Nucleic Acids and Proteins' from 19th July - 2nd August, 1992.
Seventh International Congress for Culture Collections on "Biodiversity and the Role of Culture Collections" at Beijing, China - Title `Diversity in viruses and its impact on Biodiversity' from 12-16th October, 1992.
Microbial Strain Data Network Training Course on `Use of Computers in Biology' at Beijing, China - delivered several lectures as a teacher from 17-21st October, 1992.
13th International CODATA Conference on "New Data Challenges in our Information Age" at Beijing, China - Title "Parallel Computers in Biological Data Bank Management" and chaired one of the sessions from 19-22nd October, 1992.
International CODATA Hybridoma Epytope Database Workshop at Research Institute for Biosciences, Science University of Tokyo, Noda, Japan from 13-15th September, 1993.
14th International CODATA Conference `Data and knowledge in a changing world' at Chambery, France Titles - "Concerted use of multiple databases for taxonomic insights" and "animal virus database" from 18-22nd September, 1994.
Bioinformatics Centre, The National University of Singapore, Singapore - Title "Bioinformatics and CODATA : National and International Scenario" on 24th September, 1996.
TODAI Symposium on `Sharing and Utilization of Scientific and Engineering Data in Asian-Oceanic Countries' at Sanjo Kaikan, University of Tokyo, Japan - Title "Dissemination of Biological Science Information in Asia" on 28th Septembe, 1996.
Annual Meeting of CODATA Task Group on `Biological Macromolecules' at Tokyo University, Japan - Title "Perspectives of Database Activities" on 28th September, 1996.
15th International CODATA Conference `Scientific Data for Global Prosperity and Better Human Life' at Tsukuba, Japan - Titles (1) "Online Nucleic Acid Structural Database and Management System", (2) "Semi-automated construction of physical maps for Bacillus subtills and Pseudomonas aeruginosa", (3) "A software on the World Wide Web server for probabilistic identification of viruses and bacteria" from 29th September - 3rd October, 1996.
Seminar at Institute for Protein Research, Osaka University, Japan - Title "Use of intra residue distance in proteins to motif identification and its usefulness in analysis of predicted protein structure" from 8-9th October, 1996.
8th CODATA Task Group on `Survey of Data Sources in Asian-Oceanic Countries', Taejon, Korea - Title `A need for Asian Bioinformatics Centre and Network - A study' from 25-26th November, 1997.
CODATA/DSAO Survey of Data Sources in Asian-Oceanic Countries 9th Task Group Meeting & International Seminar on ‘Future Plan for Scientific Data & Data Communication in Asian-Oceanic Countries’ at Indian National Science Academy, New Delhi on 6-7 November, 1998
16th International CODATA Conference ‘Scientific & Technical Data and Communication for the Sustainable Development of Nations - Data Management in the Evolving Information Society’ at Habitat World, India Habitat Centre, New Delhi, 8-12th November, 1998 and delivered a talk entitled ‘Quality Control Procedures Used In Biological Data Bank’ in a session ‘Bioinformatics and Medical Informatics’
UNEP/GEF Regional Workshop on Biosafety, New Delhi, 9th December, 1998 and delivered three talks
30th Anniversary meeting of Chinese Society of Microbiology, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan, on 28th November – 2nd December, 1998. Delivered a Keynote speech – "Online Identification of Viruses"
Delivered invited talk at National Center for High-performance Computing, Taipei, Taiwan, on "Use of supercomputers in functional genomics -- molecular dynamics studies on DNA fragments" on 30th November, 1998
Delivered invited talk at Life Science Research Institute, National Tsing-Hua University, Taipei, Taiwan on "Development of a peptide vaccine against Japanese encephalitis virus a case study" on 30th November, 1998
Seminar at American Type Culture Collection, Manassas, USA, on 17th December, 1998 on ‘Development of peptide vaccine against Japanese encephalitis virus – a case study’
International Visit for other purpose :
Associateship Programme of Department of Biotechnology worked at American Type Culture Collection, National Institute of Health & Georgetown University, USA, from 20 March - 20th June, 1988.
European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), West Germany for discussions with scientists of Biocomputing Division, about various Data Banks in the area of Biotechnology, from 1-3rd October, 1988.
National Library of Medicine, USA from 1-4th February, 1989.
National Library of Malaysia from 27-28th November, 1997.